Successful pilot project
The Klemetsrud waste-to-energy plant is a large source of emissions with annual emissions of more than 400,000 tons of CO2. By capturing the emitted greenhouse gas, and subsequently storing it, it will be possible to cut Oslo's fossil CO2 emissions by around 12 percent per year.
In 2016, Aker Solutions set up a test facility for carbon capture at Klemetsrud incineration plant. The pilot project lasted five months and captured 90 percent of the carbon from the waste incineration. In other words, the project was a success!
Carbon capture from non-recyclable waste
It is the waste that cannot be recycled, as well as waste that has not been recycled properly, which is used for carbon capture at Klemetsrud. The incineration plant has the potential to capture around 400,000 tons a year; this is CO2 from both fossil and biological materials.
The plan is to transport CO2 by ship to western Norway, and to inject it several thousand meters below sea level, in the geological formation called Smeaheia on the Norwegian continental shelf. When approved, the carbon capture technology can be spread to Norway's 17 waste incineration plants, and even to the approximately 450 others in Europe.
The goal is to get a full-scale carbon capture facility at Klemetsrud by 2020, so that the City of Oslo can reach its goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 50 percent by 2020 and 95 percent by 2030, compared to 1990 levels.
If the plant is realized as planned, it will be the first of its kind in the world. In 2019, the decision will be made if the facility will receive the necessary funding from the state to complete the project.