How to prepare

Self-preparedness means being prepared to deal with unexpected situations. The better we are at taking care of ourselves and helping others during an emergency, the better equipped we are as a society.

In brief

  • Talk with your family about what might happen, how you might be affected and how you would deal with such an emergency.
  • Make preparations for you and your family, to ensure that you can manage on your own for at least three days.
  • Find out who may need your help and how you can assist them.

How do we define an emergency?

An emergency is a situation where we no longer have access to the services or functions we normally depend upon.

Examples include:

  • No electricity for several days
  • No mobile network services
  • No running water or the water is contaminated 
  • Roads are blocked preventing you from leaving home
  • Shops are emptied of the goods you need
  • You must wait for help because many others are in the same situation

There may be many causes of emergencies but the most common include heavy rain, strong winds or technical problems. Such situations may have serious consequences for society and for you and your family.

We use electricity for heating, lighting, cooking, charging electronic devices and watching TV. We maintain contact with each other by phone and the internet. We stop at the shops for food on our way home from work. An emergency situation affects many people at the same time, forcing us to change our daily routines. 

Learn more about the City of Oslo’s civil protection and emergency preparedness measures (information in Norwegian).

Take responsibility for yourself

You will be better prepared if you plan ahead and consider how an emergency situation would affect you, your family and others near you.

Consider the following:

Take simple measures at home

In an emergency it is a good idea to have water and torches available.

With a few simple measures you and your family should be able to manage on your own for at least three days. Much of what you need may already be in your household.  

Here are some basic needs that must be met during the first few days of an emergency:

  • heating
  • water
  • food
  • medicines
  • hygiene and sanitary products
  • information during an emergency

How to meet your basic needs for three days (sikkerhverdag.no).

If there is no running water, you will not be able to use the toilet. You must then prepare an emergency toilet. 

The more prepared you are the more you can help people around you. During an emergency many people will require extra support and assistance. Think about who you know who might need a helping hand.

How you can help others

Many people will need help in an emergency situation and assistance must first be given to those who need it most. 

By preparing yourself for an emergency you are helping to ensure that the people who need help the most will be prioritised. 

In addition to taking care of yourself and your family, think about who you know who might need a helping hand and consider what you could do to help.

Learn more about how you can help others.