2017 was the first year the City of Oslo used a distinct climate budget. Both the development and the subsequent use of the climate budget as a municipal governing tool have been groundbreaking. The 2019 climate budget is the third in the series.
The climate budgets show measures implemented or planned for Oslo to reach its climate targets and become a low-carbon city.
An ordinary budget has an upper limit for how much money can be spent. Similarly, a climate budget shows an upper limit for how much greenhouse gases can be released.
The climate budget is presented together with the regular municipal budget. The Department of Climate is responsible for the development of the academic basis for the climate budget.
The Climate strategy as a starting point
The municipal climate and energy strategy has been developed in dialogue and interaction with 40 stakeholders from the business sector, and local and national government. The strategy is the basis for the climate budget.
The City Council can only adopt budget plans that will provide climate cuts in accordance with the climate strategy. In this way, climate measures are highly prioritized in budget negotiations.
The various municipal agencies and stakeholders in the City of Oslo are responsible for implementing the measures specified in the climate budget that are under their supervision. They report the status of the implementation of the climate measures three times a year.
Statistics under development
When the climate budget for 2017 was developed, the latest official figures on the emission of greenhouse gasses of the City of Oslo, provided by Statistics Norway (SSB), were from 2013. The greenhouse gas emissions in the 2017 climate budget were therefore based on these 2013 figures.
In 2018, the Norwegian Environment Agency published new and improved statistics on greenhouse gas emissions in Oslo for the years 2009 to 2016. The statistics have been developed in cooperation with SSB.
The calculations are more detailed, while emissions from shipping and aviation are now also included. The Norwegian Environment Agency is continuously working to further develop greenhouse gas statistics. These statistics are the basis for assessing the progress Oslo makes in achieving its climate goals.
The 2019 Climate Budget
The climate budget for 2019 states, among other things, that the transport of goods is to be electrified, more construction sites are to be fossil-free, and that the focus on an emission-free car park should be combined with a capacity increase of public transport.