Automated toll stations are located on all entry roads to Oslo. The City uses the toll ring to reduce congestion (figure 1) by charging people when passing. Revenues are used to facilitate more trips by public transport, bicycle and walking through investing in better infrastructure, and reducing air pollution, GHG emissions and noise.
The toll ring as financing model
The toll ring and the Master transport plan for Oslo and Akershus (Oslo Package) constitute an important financing framework for public transport investments. When introduced in 1990, 10 % of toll ring revenues were used for public transport. Since then, the share has increased. Recently, a revised plan (Oslo Package3) was agreed upon, with a budget of approx. EUR 8 billion for the period 2017-2036. In Oslo, 93 % of the revenue will be earmarked for investments in public transport system, improved bicycle infrastructure and to promote walking reducing the number of fatalities and serious injuries by traffic, and reducing congestion. The result is that, between 2005 and 2015, the public transport share increased from 21 to 32 %, while the car share decreased from 45 to 34 %.
The Oslo Package 3 also sets a goal of a 15 % reduction in traffic by 2019, and emphasises the importance of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. The toll ring charges, starting from 2017, favours zero and low emission vehicles (figure 2), motivating a transition to cleaner vehicles. As a result, the air quality in Oslo is expected to significantly improve (figure 3).
Figure 2: Toll ring charges in Oslo
As a result of the revised Oslo Package 3, the toll ring charges for diesel and petrol vehicles will be significantly increased and favors vehicles with zero or low emissions of NO2. The revised price structure also includes congestion charging during rush hours.
|Light duty vehicles||Light duty vehicles -zero emission||Heavy duty vehicles||Heavy duty vehicles - zero emission|
|€ 3.6||0||€ 10.8||0|
|Light duty vehicles -diesel||Light duty vehicles - petrol and hybrid||Light duty vehicles - zero emission||Heavy duty vehicles - Euro V and older||Heavy duty vehicles - Euro VI||Heavy duty vehicles - zero emission|
|Stage 1: March 1, 2017-December 31, 2017||€ 5.2 (+ € 1.1 during rush hours)||€ 4.7 (+ € 1.1 during rush hours)||0||€ 17.4 (+ € 3.3 during rush hours)||€ 10.9 (+ € 3.3 during rush hours)||0|
|Stage 2: January 1, 2018-December 31, 2019||€ 5.2 (+ € 1.1 during rush hours)||€ 4.7 (+ € 1.1 during rush hours)||€ 1.1 (+ € 1.1 during rush hours)||€ 17.4 (+ € 3.3 during rush hours)||€ 10.9 (+ € 3.3 during rush hours)||0|
|Stage 3: January 1, 2020 →||€ 5.2 (+ € 1.1 during rush hours)||€ 4.7 (+ € 1.1 during rush hours)||€ 2.2 (+ € 1.1 during rush hours)||€ 17.4 (+ € 3.3 during rush hours)||€ 10.9 (+ € 3.3 during rush hours)||0|