Healthy, green and attractive capital region
Environment-friendly mobility solutions is key to meet the increasing demand for passenger transport, and to reduce car traffic. Stricter environmental requirements and new technological solutions are driving this process forward, and the goal is to help the capital region grow into a healthy, green and attractive place to live and work.
In 2015 the board of Ruter, the public transport authority of the Oslo and Akershus region, adopted an ambitious plan: Oslo and Akershus will have only low and zero emission buses that run on renewable energy in 2020 and for further developments up to 2025. Ruter's fleet currently comprises some 1,200 buses, of which approximately 66% runs on fossil diesel, 20% on biodiesel, 12% on biogas. Biogas is expected to be an important fuel to ensure a fossil free bus fleet in 2020. In the future, the majority of buses will be electric.
Large scale roll-out of battery electric buses will start in 2020, while testing will be carried out in the coming years. The first tests are planned to be in operation by mid-2017.
Ruter has since 2012 been testing out fuel cell buses running on hydrogen, as part of the EU project CHIC, Clean Hydrogen in European Cities. These are electric buses, where the energy is stored in hydrogen gas instead of in batteries.
Ruter will also introduce renewable solutions on its boat services on the Oslo fjord, some which may be zero emission.
Fossil Free 2020 has by now received 23,5 mill NOK in funding over the Oslo budget.
The Fossil Free 2020 project will contribute to maturing new low- and zero emission technological solutions for public transport. Ruter is co-operating with other public transport agencies in Europe, to exchange information in order to reduce risk and lower the barriers to a faster introduction of these solutions.